My Expressions

Date : 12 June 2020

  • Young Voice
  • Shivika Sharma


Cybersecurity means protecting data, networks, programs and other information from unauthorized or unattended access, destruction or change.

In today’s world, cybersecurity is very important because of some security threats and cyber-attacks.

For data protection, many companies develop software. This software protects the data. Cybersecurity is important because not only it helps to secure information but also our system from virus attack.

After the U.S.A. and China, India has the highest number of internet user.

Cybersecurity means protecting data, networks, programs and other information from unauthorized or unattended access, destruction or change. In today’s world, cybersecurity is very important because of some security threats and cyber-attacks. For data protection, many companies develop software. This software protects the data. Cybersecurity is important because not only it helps to secure information but also our system from virus attack. After the U.S.A. and China, India has the highest number of internet users.

Cyber Threats


It can be further classified into 2 types

Cybercrime – against individuals, corporates, etc. and
Cyberwarfare – against a state.


Cyber Crime


Use of cyberspace, i.e. computer, internet, cellphone, other technical devices, etc., to commit a crime by an individual or organized group is called cyber-crime.

Cyber attackers use numerous software and codes in cyberspace to commit cybercrime. They exploit the weaknesses in the software and hardware design through the use of malware.

Hacking is a common way of piercing the defenses of protected computer systems and interfering with their functioning.

Identity theft is also common.


Cybercrimes may occur directly i.e. targeting the computers directly by spreading computer viruses.

Other forms include DoS attacks. It is an attempt to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users. It suspends services of a host connected to the internet which may be temporary or permanent.


Malware is a software used to disrupt computer operation, gather sensitive information, or gain access to private computer systems. It usually appears in the form of code, scripts, active content, and other software. ‘Malware’ refers to a variety of forms of hostile or intrusive software, for example, Trojan Horses, rootkits, worms, adware, etc.


Another way of committing cybercrime is independent of the Computer Network or Device. It includes Economic fraud. It is done to destabilise the economy of a country, attack on banking security and transaction system, extract money through fraud, acquisition of credit/debit card data, financial theft, etc.


Other kinds of crimes are like

Hindering the operations of a website or service through data alteration, data destruction.

Some other common things that happen are using obscene content to humiliate girls and harm their reputation, spreading pornography, threatening e-mail, assuming a fake identity, virtual impersonation.

Nowadays misuse of social media in creating intolerance, instigating communal violence and inciting riots is happening a lot.

Thank you

 

Shivika Sharma

Grade 7, Delhi Public School, Sonepat, Haryana