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Minorities’ Rights Day – 18 December

Recommended for Secondary Grades

Minorities’ Rights Day – 18 December

Minorities’ Rights Day is observed on 18th December every year.

Who are minorities?

  • A minority group is a set of people, who are fewer in number. They face disadvantages as compared to other social groups.
  • Minority classification is typically based on differences in characteristics or practices. These include ethnic, racial, religious, gender differences. This also includes physical disability. 

Why is this day observed?

The day is observed in order to promote the rights of people belonging to minority communities in India.

  • On this day, issues related to minorities and their safety are discussed.
  • Various seminars, campaigns and events are conducted.
  • The UN declared the Rights of persons belonging to national, ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities on 18th December 1992.

Who are considered to be minorities in India?

  • Minority groups are determined on the basis of the overall population. Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains are considered as minorities in India.
  • However, in some states, classified minorities are higher in numbers. These include Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Lakshadweep.

In the recently passed Citizenship Amendment Act, there has been controversy on how India is being supportive of granting citizenship to non-muslim minorities of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan, the Islamic countries.

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