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Image depicting Makar Sakranti - Indian New Year, Jan-14

Makar Sankranti – Indian New Year, Jan-14

Recommended for Foundational Grades

Makar Sankranti is an ancient Indian festival that has been observed according to the solar calendar. It is observed annually in the month of January.

Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti?

  • Sankranti refers to the transmigration of the sun from one zodiac (rashi) to the other.
  • There are twelve Sankranti in a year. Among the twelve, “Makar Sankranti” is widely observed and celebrated all over India.
  • It is the first day of the sun’s transit into Makara (Capricorn) zodiac – which marks the beginning of the summer season.
  • It is the festival of harvesting of crops. Most parts of India start harvesting the crop.
  • This year, Makar Sankranti falls on Wednesday, January 15, 2020.


What are the various names of Sankranti?

This festival is celebrated throughout India with different names and almost similar themes.

  • North India, Goa, Maharashtra: Makar Sankranti, Maghi, Sankrant
  • Assam: Bihu
  • Gujarat: Uttarayan
  • Karnataka: Suggi
  • Tamil Nadu: Pongal
  • The other names are Makara chaula, Makara Jyothi, Magha Saaji

How is the festival celebrated?

  • The day is celebrated with colourful decorations, special dishes, fairs, dances, feasts etc.

  • Flying kites on the day of Makar Sankranti is a practice across most parts of India.
  • The day preceding Makar Sankranthi is called Bhogi or Lohri. The Indian dish “Khichurhi” (rice and dal) and savouries made out of Til are served at the festival. Bonfire is lit and people discard their old things to make new beginnings on the day of Sankranti.

Sankranti celebrations give hope for new beginnings and a better future. Curious Times wishes all of our young readers, A very happy Makar Sankranti !!!

Check out this cool video posted by a Youtube user “Food, Travel, Fun and Me” that perfectly captures the spirit of flying kites.


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