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Swacch Bharat Mission

As we approach Gandhi Jayanti on 2 October, let’s learn about an important mission launched on the day – the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, or Clean India Mission.

Prime Minister Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2 October 2014. The mission aimed to achieve an “open-defecation free” (ODF) India by 2 October 2019. This was the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi.

Open defecation means using the toilet in the open. Unfortunately, in many parts of India, especially in the village areas, many families did not have toilets. So, they would do such things outside, in fields, bushes, forests, ditches, and streets. Open defecation can pollute the environment and cause health problems and diseases. So, ending open defecation is an indicator being used to measure progress towards the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal Number 6. Removing it is an important step towards stopping and eliminating (removing) poverty.

The Swachh Bharat Mission is India’s largest cleanliness drive until now. It involves three million government employees and students from all parts of India participating in 4,043 cities, towns, and rural communities.

Phases of the mission

Phase 1 of the Swachh Bharat Mission lasted till October 2019. During this phase, the volunteers promoted the aims of the mission. The government also provided funds to build nearly 110 million toilets between 2014 and 2019.

Phase 2 will be implemented between 2020–21 and 2024-25. Phase two is working for the safe management of solid and liquid waste in villages.

This movement is very important to the cleanliness and development of India. So, tell us about your thoughts and ideas about the Swachh Bharat Mission on My Expressions at Curious Times.

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